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This concentration is developed with the advice of a faculty member and approved by the MSFS Director. Some students may wish to develop a multidisciplinary specialization in a particular region. Regional specializations require appropriate language skills and a clearly outlined proposal of the course of study. GPS Subfields U.
Focuses on other policy and implementation approaches and institutions charged with national policy making. Potential topics of focus may include proliferation, criminal mafias, civil strife in weak states and asymmetric threats on the national and multinational level.
It recognizes that many pressing issues of contemporary era i. The tools and techniques of multilateral diplomacy are explored. Why do community workers need to understand this history? As Americans, development is always something going on somewhere else. Despite the fact that a large number of Americans can identify with this mythology in some way or another, we often lack a understanding of the deeper-level political, social and cultural dynamics behind this mythology and where it comes from.
Where do we start? The Truman Doctrine was a response to the concentration of global power into two heavily armed superpowers, the United States and its allies, and the Soviet Union and its allies. The roots of the Truman doctrine was fear, fear that if Soviets invaded Europe, which was in shambles after the war, that their power would spread and pose an existential threat to the United States. This was a lesson learned from the first World War and the rise of Nazism.
This idea was later referred to as the Domino Theory, and it was the idea that if the Soviets took over one country, they would soon take over others. In response, the Truman doctrine sought to contain this spread through a policy referred to as Containment.
As part of the strategy to contain the spread of the Soviets, the Truman Doctrine included another policy to help Europe regain its strength through an active program of development referred to as the Marshall Plan. Only 1. The invasion of South Korea by the Communist North signaled the end of Marshall plan and ushered in a new era for containment doctrine. On the one hand, the United States became more focused on rebuilding the military strength of its European allies and the internationalization of its foreign development assistance.
The connection between foreign assistance and imperial strength was not just a strategy of the United States. In the Soviet Union launched its own version of the Marshall Plan referred to as the Molotov plan named after the Soviet foreign minister.
Of course, they just had different visions of what development meant but ultimately, both had their own strategic and economics interests at the forefront. So the modern conception of Development really had its origins in the post-war period as part of a larger strategy to thwart the expansion of communism but also to promote the interests of the U.
Prior to WWII, poverty in the global south was not a concern of the north. During the colonial era, poverty was understood more on racial terms — According the Anthropologist Arturo Escobar:. This all changed after World War II. For the first time, the destinies of the rich countries now seemed inextricably intertwined with that of the poor ones.
For the U. This strategy, referred to as Modernization Theory, was later crystallized by Walt Rostow, an advisor to both Kennedy and Johnson. The role of Development was to help usher this along.
The first stage was Traditional Society, which had three characteristics. First World being the free-market industrialized countries, the Third World being the so-called non-industrialized or developing countries, and the Second World are the lesser Industrialized Communist Countries. The strategy for modernization is to help countries progress to the stages of growth. The primary measure of this growth was GDP Gross Domestic Product — the value of all goods and services generated within a particular country.